War and Google Ngrams

Image courtesy of Google Ngrams. Image courtesy of Google Ngrams.


It isn’t all that often that a new analytical tool becomes available, particularly one that is (1) easy to use and understand, (2) available everywhere there’s an internet connection, (3) free, and (4) acceptable for use in scholarly circles.  That’s the power of Google’s Ngram Viewer.

To provide a very brief background, multiple authors coined the term “culturomics” in a 2011 Science article, which they described as a “quantitative analysis of culture.”  Essentially, Google has been scanning as many books as they can get their hands on, which by 2011 was roughly 4% of all the books ever printed. Google Ngram enables users to search all these books for desired words or terms.  A more full (yet still succinct) description can be found in an offshoot TED talk, “What we Learned from 5 Million Books.” The two lead authors also wrote a book.

How does it work? For example, if you want to know the prevalence of the word “war,” you could conduct a search for this word.  I have done so above – in relation to the word “peace.”  We can see that “war” has always been on the mind and in the pens of writers more than “peace.” That is, at least, in our sample of what has now advanced to approximately 6% of all the books in recorded history.

There are, of course, other great uses for this tool – like resolving the conflict between Clausewitz and Jomini – who held more sway – and when?

Image courtesy of Google Ngrams. Image courtesy of Google Ngrams.

Or peaks and valleys in thinking on counterinsurgency (note the search for separate cases, which can skew results if one is not too careful).

Image courtesy of Google Ngrams. Image courtesy of Google Ngrams.

And, perhaps my favorite – a search that highlights the inflection point we find the US Air Force at – the fighter pilot, by this measure, is losing to the UAV (and that’s a fair fight; the comparison becomes a landslide if we use the common term “drone“).

Image courtesy of Google Ngrams. Image courtesy of Google Ngrams.

1 Comment


Leave a Reply

  1. Very interesting. Lexical analysis is a fascinating way to approach research based on Chomsky’s foundational idea that how we use words relates directly to how we view and make sense out of world. Once once again Google has changed how we can use information. I would be interested to see if you could use wildcards * with it. Overall, it looks like a powerful and promising tool.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s